Born in Harare Zimbabwe 3rd June 1948 and attended Prince Edward High School in Zimbabwe. Awarded an MBE in HM’s Honours List in 2002. 1967-1976: Graduated in Economics at University of Cape Town and worked in fields of accounting and investment analysis before starting successful businesses in the music industry, operating recording studios, music publishing, artiste management and operating a nationwide wholesale distribution of local and international music to over 350 retail outlets. 1976-2015: Lectured in Economics, Accounting and Banking (Centre for Business Studies, Greenwich, London) and provided business management & consultancy services in South Africa, United Kingdom and United States of America. These services included corporate restructuring, corporate acquisitions, and the listing of companies on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, as well as advice on strategic planning, corporate governance, incentive scheme designs, and international tax planning issues, as well as serving as non-executive director and Vice-Chair of the board of a listed company, and serving also as Chairman of the Audit Committee, the Risk Committee and the Remuneration Committee. 1980-2003: Co-founder and CEO the Zimbabwe Trust a UK registered charity (‘ZimTrust’) aimed at relief of poverty in Zimbabwe, providing training services in rural community management systems, developing optimal land utilisation systems with rural communities, including cooperatives involved in farming sorghum, maize, groundnuts, tea and maintaining natural resources. These collaborative insBtuBon building processes led to the implementation of CAMPFIRE (Communal Area Management Program for Indigenous Resources), where rural communities collaborated closely with ZimTrust, WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) and CASS (Centre for Applied Social Sciences in Zimbabwe), together with the Ministry of the Environment and Local Government. ZimTrust provided the management training required to enable those communities to secure ‘Appropriate Authority’ from central government, thereby allowing them to manage their wild resources sustainably and demonstrate that maintaining biodiversity was their optimal land use, as compared to subsistence farming. Consequently, vast tracts of land equivalent in area to protected state lands was returned into wilderness in a process led by rural communities themselves. Regrettably, the success of CAMPFIRE in generating significant income growth from sustainable wildlife management, led to its downfall as Robert Mugabe’s administration withdrew Appropriate Authority, and commandeered the income generated; this led to its downfall as rural communities who had converted their subsistence farmland to wild reserves were no longer the proprietors of the wildlife and income derived from that land. were no longer the proprietors of the wildlife and income derived from that land. Appropriate Authority was maintained in practice only in those areas where local community institutions were sufficiently developed to challenge government and threaten their return to subsistence farming. Principally for these reasons, and the attendant large-scale government corruption, CAMPFIRE continues to operate only as a shadow of its former self. 1991-2003: Co-founder and CEO of Africa Resources Trust/Resource Africa, a UK registered charity and a sister South African not-for-profit organisation (‘ART’) aimed at the relief of poverty, relief from sickness and the conservation of natural resources in Africa. ART advocates good governance and democratic practice in building community-based institutions, essential requirements for sustainable development and effective natural resource management. ART promotes the perspectives of rural communities, enabling them to engage in sustainable wildlife management and the livelihood opportunities that arise. This included the wide dissemination of relevant information.